Tuesday, 27 November 2012

EPHESUS, TURKEY

Ephesus was an ancient Greek city, and later a major Roman city, on the west coast of Asia Minor, near present-day Selçuk, Izmir Province, Turkey. It was one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League during the Classical Greek era. In the Roman period, Ephesus had a population of more than 250,000 in the 1st century BC, which also made it one of the largest cities in the Mediterranean world.

The city was famed for the Temple of Artemis (completed around 550 BC), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Emperor Constantine I rebuilt much of the city and erected new public baths. Following the Edict of Thessalonica from emperor Theodosius I, the temple was destroyed in 401 AD by a mob led by St. John Chrysostom. The town was partially destroyed by an earthquake in 614 AD. The city's importance as a commercial centre declined as the harbour was slowly silted up by the Cayster River (Küçük Menderes).

Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Asia that are cited in the Book of Revelation.The Gospel of John may have been written here. The city was the site of several 5th century Christian Councils, see Council of Ephesus. It is also the site of a large gladiators' graveyard, with many sarcophagi.Today's archaeological site lies 3 kilometers southwest of the town of Selçuk, in the Selçuk district of İzmir Province, Turkey. The ruins of Ephesus are a favorite international and local tourist attraction, partly owing to their easy access from Adnan Menderes Airport and via the port of Kuşadası.

This post is part of the Our World Tuesday meme,
and also part of the Taphophile Tragics meme.
The theatre
Sarcophagi in the necropolis


The library of Celsus. The library was built to store 12,000 scrolls and to serve as a monumental tomb for Celsus. Celsus is buried in a sarcophagus beneath the library, in the main entrance which is both a crypt containing his sarcophagus and a sepulchral monument to him.

Composite photo of the four statues of the four personifications of learning adorning the library: Science, Comprehension, Virtue and Wisdom

The monumental "Main Street" of "Downtown Ephesus".
Ephesus contains the largest collection of Roman ruins in the eastern Mediterranean. Only an estimated 15% has been excavated. The ruins that are visible give some idea of the city's original splendour, and the names associated with the ruins are evocative of its former life.

6 comments:

  1. What an awesome, incredible place!! I've spent time in Greece, have read about Ephesus and have always wanted to go there, but your photos are close to the next best thing! Thanks for sharing, Nick, as always! Have a great week!

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  2. I visited Ephesus in 1975 and again in 1978. It is one of the most incredible Roman sites I have ever seen. Looking at your photos it would appear that they have not excavated much more since I was there. The library was my favourite building

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  3. Great tour!! Boom & Gary of the Vermilon River, Canada.

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  4. Timeless !

    Thank you for this journey. Much enjoyed the place. Please have a good Tuesday.

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  5. Taking back in time! Lovely captures.

    Thanks.

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