Tuesday, 28 January 2014

DATURA

Datura stramonium, known by the common names Jimson weed or datura, is a plant in the Solanaceae (nightshade) family, which is believed to have originated in the Americas, but is now found around the world. Other common names for D. stramonium include thornapple and moon flower, and it has the Spanish name Toloache.

For centuries, datura has been used as a herbal medicine to relieve asthma symptoms and as an analgesic during surgery or bonesetting. It is also a powerful hallucinogen and deliriant, which is used spiritually for the intense visions it produces. However, the tropane alkaloids which are responsible for both the medicinal and hallucinogenic properties are fatally toxic in only slightly higher amounts than the medicinal dosage, and careless use often results in hospitalisations and deaths.

Datura stramonium generally flowers throughout the summer. The fragrant flowers are trumpet-shaped, white to creamy or violet, and 6–9 cm long, and grow on short stems from either the axils of the leaves or the places where the branches fork. The calyx is long and tubular, swollen at the bottom, and sharply angled, surmounted by five sharp teeth. The corolla, which is folded and only partially open, is white, funnel-shaped, and has prominent ribs. The flowers open at night, emitting a pleasant fragrance and is fed upon by nocturnal moths.

This post is part of the Nature Footsteps Floral Macros meme,
and also part of the Our World Tuesday meme.

8 comments:

  1. Maybe not a plant to pick and put in your front room then? Very interesting to read all about it.
    Thank you for sharing
    Wren x

    ReplyDelete
  2. luv the whorl of its petals; have a nice Tuesday

    much love...

    ReplyDelete
  3. Thanks, nice overview, and as you stated the hallucinogenic dose and lethal dose are close to one another. Not unusual to read about unfortunate kids experimenting and ending up in the hospital or worse.

    ReplyDelete
  4. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  5. a flower I´m not familiar with. I like the pointy petals. But can´t figure out if it is one or many. :) Nai, I think it is one like a skirt. :)

    ReplyDelete
  6. a flower I´m not familiar with. I like the pointy petals. But can´t figure out if it is one or many. :) Nai, I think it is one like a skirt. :)

    ReplyDelete
  7. Beautiful! Reminds me of Georgia O'Keeffe

    ReplyDelete

I love to hear from you, so please comment. I appreciate constructive criticism as it improves my skills as an amateur photographer.