Originally, the cemetery was called the New Lazarevskoye. In 1869 a burial chapel was built by the architect N.P. Grebenka and funded by the Polezhaevs, a wealthy merchant family. It was named Tikhvinskoye after the wonder-working icon of Mother of God of Tikhvin. The cemetery's area was extended. According to the plan of 1881 the Tikhvinskoye cemetery already had its present-day boundaries and was enclosed by a stone wall.
Before the October Revolution the social status of the cemetery was very high. Here were buried mostly representatives of the nobility, manufacturers and well-off merchants. The necropolis was then extended to outstanding statesmen and military people, scientists, men of letters, composers, etc.
|The imposing gate to the necropolis|
|Necropolis "Masters of Art"|
|View of one of the avenues of the necropolis|
Reconstruction began in 1936 and was completed mainly in August 1937. The Tikhvinskoye cemetery ceased to exist. Most monuments were destroyed. Those of high artistic value but with no remains were transferred to the adjacent Necropolis of the eighteenth century. It was done so as to clear the "Necropolis of the Masters of Arts". During reconstruction more than sixty reinterment places were added to the old monuments of the Tikhvinskoye cemetery which escaped destruction. Historically, no artists or actors were buried in the Tikhvinskoye cemetery. Monuments to the representatives of these arts have been transferred to the area. The result is an amazing collection of monuments to prominent artists, composers, poets, authors, musicians. I was especially interested to see the memorials of some the great Russian composers.
|The bust of Tchaikovsky|